What is vein identification?

Nour Chebaro
Staff Writer

The world we live in today relies heavily on identification, for obvious security reasons. Mankind has for long sought out to achieve an accurate level of self identification. This is why scientists came up with the many identification techniques present today.

  Each technique used is specific and unique in its own way, ranging from the old fashioned ink fingerprinting to the cutting-edge iris recognition. While identity authentication has, in general, been limited to few applications, especially for security and crime bureaus, vein identification opens up a whole new world of possibilities.

  Biometric matching, if used to its full extent, could change how our society functions drastically. But what happens when the present techniques become faulty, time-consuming or inadequate for certain people? After all, people with damaged irises can’t use iris-based identification methods, for example.

  One cannot always rely on the available methods to support their identification process. Hence, the need for a new and more accurate, practical and quicker technique of identification grows. Scientists have proposed the implementation of an innovative identification process which is still in the making: the vein identification method.

  The method is fairly versatile, as it may be used via two main features: either the use of the finger or the palm of the hand. So, finger vein ID is a biometric identification system that matches the vascular pattern in an individual’s finger to previously obtained data.

  This mechanism is patented by Hitachi and is currently under development in order to be used for different things and in different fields. The solution relies on a near-infrared LED that records the veins of the finger as dark pattern of lines.

   The advantage of using this kind of biometric identification is that it is almost impossible to counterfeit the pattern of someone’s blood vessels because they lie beneath the skin, thus prevailing over other risky mechanisms. Furthermore, the time required to identify the fingerprint/palm vein map is no more than two seconds, which facilitates its implementation in crowded areas.

  Due to its high practicality, with no special user-accommodation needed, it can be easily implemented in ATM machines, for example, and several other locations where identity matching is necessary. The transition to the reliance on vein ID seems promising as it can open the door leading to the suppression of physical cards as well as passwords.

  Hence, there are many opportunities that are presented to society through vein identification. After this breakthrough of a technique, who knows what could be next, heartbeat identification maybe?  


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